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Making Inclusive Education A Reality

Inclusive Basic Education 


To ensure inclusiveness, UBEB in 2014/2015 undertook a study of out – of – school children in rural and disadvantaged communities focusing on Kuje, Kwali and Abaji Area Councils. Report of the study at that time indicated that the proportion of out –of–school children in sampled communities could be as high as 30% to 40% of school age population. The study also revealed that the most prevalent reasons for not enrolling or dropping out of school are: poverty, distance of school, disinterestedness of the school age children and ignorance of parents. Notwithstanding the prevalence of poverty, PTA levies approved by UBEB are still charged. The levies range from N500 to N2, 000 per child at pre – primary to secondary, depending on the decision of the PTA.  Although payment is not strictly enforced, those who cannot afford to pay are marginalized sometimes to the extent that they drop out of school. Currently, about 18% of children in the 6 - 17 years age range largely in urban disadvantaged and rural communities still remain out of school. This is further compounded by the presence of children of school – going age among Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who have found refuge in the FCT, and whose education should continue but are currently not provided for.

To promote participation in ECCDE, the number of public primary schools with ECCDE component has increased from I25 (26%) in 2009 to 397 (57.4%) in 2018/2019. In addressing the problem of inadequacy and distance from home, the number of public primary schools has increased by 31.8% from 477 in 2009/2010 to 629 in 2018/2019, while there are more private primary schools in the territory. The number of secondary schools both public and private has also increased. The FCT Education Secretariat has also established additional 12 senior secondary schools in 2020 to ensure that the increasing number of students from the Junior secondary level are adequately catered for in terms of admission into the next level, while the number of Science and technical schools has increased from only 2 in 2009/2010 to 5 schools in 2019. The number of schools is however still in adequate, considering the influx of people into the FCT as well as the constant opening of new districts and housing estates to contain the growing population.

Courtesy: FCT Department of Policy, Planning, Research & Statistics (DPPRS)

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